The GPI was launched at the 2016 High Level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation in Nairobi, as a multi-stakeholder initiative. It is being spearheaded by a core group that includes Mexico, Canada, Islamic Development Bank, Japan, the UN Office for South-South Cooperation and the OECD. The objective of the GPI is to bring together different development stakeholders to better situate triangular cooperation in the current development landscape, especially with the growing importance of South-South and triangular cooperation. The GPI is focussed on preparing possible deliverables for the BAPA+40 conference in March 2019 and has created three workstreams to analyze, and systematize experiences and best practices; elaborate a set of Voluntary Principles that grounds triangular cooperation implementation and  programming in effectiveness; and consolidates frameworks of triangular cooperation that ensure country-led ownership, as well as inclusive partnerships for sustainable development.

According to a 2015 OECD survey, triangular cooperation is on the rise: it found an increase in the number of triangular cooperation projects and budgets allocated to this modality. In the past, triangular cooperation involved three or more development actors: two or more developing countries supported by a developed country(ies)/or multilateral organization(s). In the current development landscape, triangular cooperation is expanding its scope to include multistakeholder relationships between governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector. It provides comparative advantages by complementing and bringing coherence to North-South and South-South cooperation. All partners transfer knowledge and expertise which encourage innovation and co-creation leading to shared collateral benefits.

Triangular cooperation is a modality of its own that requires at least three roles being represented; with each potentially having more than one actor:

The facilitator helps to connect countries and organisations to form a triangular partnership and gives financial and/or technical support to the collaboration.

The pivotal partner often has proven experience and shares its resources, knowledge and expertise through triangular cooperation. It can sometimes provide a bridge between South-South and North-South.

The beneficiary is the target for the development results to be achieved in line with their national development priorities and needs. It is responsible for ensuring that the triangular partnership has results and impact on sustainable development.



This first meeting of the Working Group aims to bring together national, regional and international initiatives on triangular cooperation and discuss the three workstreams of the GPI: advocacy, analytical and operational, see agenda below, that serve to ground this modality in effectiveness through policy, programming and operational mechanisms. The objective is to discuss first ideas and planned next steps for each of the work streams and work on a roadmap towards BAPA +40.



Chair: Ryutaro Murotani, Director/Deputy Head, Office for Global Issues and Development Partnership Operations Strategy Department, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

The role of triangular cooperation on the road to BAPA +40
Mr. Jorge Chediek, Director of the United Nations Office on South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC)

Towards Multi-stakeholder effectiveness: the Global Partnership Initiative on triangular cooperation
Ms. Carmen Sorger, Deputy Director for International Assistance Relations, Global Affairs Canada

What is triangular cooperation? How can we enhance its effectiveness? – Introducing the advocacy work stream
Ms. Nancy Silva, Peruvian Agency for International Cooperation (APCI)

Which cases and models of triangular cooperation can we find? What’s the comparative advantage of triangular cooperation? – Introducing the analytical work stream
Ms. Brenda Killen, Deputy Director, Development Co-operation Directorate, OECD

How is triangular cooperation managed, monitored and evaluated? – Introducing the operational work stream
Mr. Abdehalkim Yessouf, Senior Technical Cooperation Specialist, Reverse Linkage Division, Islamic Development Bank

Questions, answers and next steps


Background on the GPI Work Streams

The Advocacy Work Stream will elaborate a set of voluntary principles and work on a possible definition of triangular cooperation that better reflects its role and potential in the contemporary landscape of development and the multi-stakeholder nature of this modality. The GPI aims to have the voluntary principles presented and discussed during the preparatory process of the High-level United Nations Conference on South-South Cooperation, to mark the 40th anniversary of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA+40) in March 2019.

The Analytical Work Stream will collect and analyse cases and identify different models of triangular cooperation to extract lessons for the future. This work will help to clarify the added value of triangular cooperation, the comparative advantages of the different partners involved and the challenges encountered when implementing projects (the Operational Work Stream will propose some ways of addressing these challenges). The analytical work will also inform the Advocacy Work Stream. It might also be useful to pick out specific projects that contribute to tackling global challenges and achieving the SDGs.

The Operational Work Stream will compile existing operational guidelines and create a space to share lessons in a consistent and consolidated manner. This might lead to the development of a toolkit that can provide guidance for implementing effective triangular cooperation projects. The Operational Work Stream will also pick up on some of the challenges identified by the Analytical Work Stream and will provide support to practitioners when designing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating triangular cooperation projects.





Mr. Ryutaro Murotani

Director/Deputy Head of Office for Global Issues and Development Partnership, Operations Strategy Department, JICA

Since February 2017, Ryutaro Murotani has been Director/Deputy Head of Office for Global Issues and Development Partnership, Operations Strategy Department of JICA. Prior to this assignment, he served as Senior Representative / Deputy Head of JICA Rwanda Office for three years. His previous assignments include Research Fellow at JICA Research Institute, First Secretary at the Embassy of Japan in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Middle East Officer at the Loan Aid Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. He holds the Master in Public Policy (MPP) from Harvard Kennedy School.


Mr. Jorge Chediek

Envoy of the Secretary-General on South-South Cooperation and UNOSSC Director

Since October 2015, Mr. Chediek has been the Director of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation leading United Nations system-wide promotion and coordination of South-South cooperation for development.

Prior to this, he served as the Resident Coordinator/United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resident Representative in Brazil (2010-2015). In that capacity, he was also the Director of the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth, UNDP’s global forum for policy dialogue and South-South learning on social development innovations. He served as Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative in Peru (2005-2010); United Nations Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative in Nicaragua (2001-2005); Deputy Resident Representative in Cuba (1999-2001); Deputy Resident Representative in Uruguay (1996-1999); Programme Management Officer, Regional Bureau for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States in New York (1994-1996); and Programme Officer and then Assistant Resident Representative in Turkey (1990-1994).

Preceding his United Nations career, Mr. Chediek worked at the Department of Legislative Analysis of the Argentinean Congress and as an independent consultant assisting in the design of financial investment systems in Argentina.

Born in 1960, he holds a Master of Science in foreign service (honors) from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., and a Bachelor of Science (“Licenciado”) in political science from Catholic University in Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Ms. Carmen Sorger

Deputy Director for International Assistance Relations, Global Affairs Canada

Carmen Sorger is the Deputy Director of International Assistance Relations, responsible for the G7 Accountability Working Group; G20 Development Working Group; and Donor Relations (including Triangular Cooperation policy) at Global Affairs Canada. Previously, she has served as Deputy Director in the Middle East Relations Division; the Stabilization and Reconstruction Taskforce; and the Human Security Division, among others.


Ms. Nancy Silva

Director of the Programs and Policies Department at the Peruvian International Cooperation Agency (APCI)

Nancy Silva is Director of the Programs and Policies Department at the Peruvian International Cooperation Agency (APCI), the institution responsible for conducting, programming, organizing, prioritizing and supervising international non-reimbursable cooperation in Peru. Ms. Silva holds 10 years of experience in the private and public sector, especially in the area of international cooperation and development and commerce. She has a Master in Diplomacy and International Relations by the Diplomatic School of Spain and a Master on Cooperation and International Affairs with Latin America by the Rey Juan Carlos University of Madrid. She possess wide knowledge on the follow up and management of International Cooperation within the Global Development Agendas (2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Effective Development Cooperation and Finance for Development).


Ms. Brenda Killen

Deputy Director of the OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate

Brenda Killen is Deputy Director of OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate, driving efforts to improve policy-making, delivery, monitoring and accountability of global development finance. She works with partners around the world to ensure development resources are allocated and delivered in support of the SDGs. As OECD’s envoy to the post-2015 process and G20 Development Working Group, she helped translate Agenda 2030 into OECD’s action plan on the SDGs.

Ms. Killen has over 25 years’ experience in international development. As Deputy Director of Health Policy, Development and Services at WHO, she was responsible for defining WHO’s development policy, advising on the macroeconomics of health and developing WHO’s strategy for health systems strengthening. She has also worked for the UK Department for International Development in several senior roles, including as senior economist for Asia and lead author of DfID’s policy on middle income countries. She has extensive field experience in Africa.

Ms. Killen is a member of the UN Secretary General’s Independent Accountability Panel (EWEC).


Mr. Abdelhakim Yessouf

Senior Technical Cooperation Specialist, Reverse Linkage Division, Islamic Development Bank

Mr. Abdelhakim Yessouf is a Senior Technical Cooperation Specialist in the Islamic Development Bank’s Capacity Development Department. He cumulates over 22 years of experience in the field of development cooperation with the Islamic Development Bank and UNICEF as well as several NGOs. During this period, he developed knowledge and expertise in areas related to social and sustainable development in Morocco and abroad, especially in the fields of program management, social development, capacity development and women’s empowerment, decentralization and local governance, sustainable development, humanitarian aid and civil society.